The widespread use of central nervous system stimulants to treat attention deficit disorder and motor agitation is increasingly becoming controversial. We can now measure their limits and especially their disturbing side effects. But there are alternatives to it which are safer and more effective than pharmacological approach, but they are less profitable for the pharmaceutical industry.
The DSM-IV (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders), a reference tool in North America, defines the disorder attention deficit hyperactivity disorder as “A persistent pattern of inattention and/or hyperactivity-impulsivity more frequent and severe than is typically observed in individuals of a similar level of development.”
The child suffering from this disorder (this disorder can persist even into adulthood) will feel a functional impairment in at least two different environments, and its symptoms will interfere with social functioning, school or work. This syndrome includes a series of symptoms and diagnosis, which on an empirical basis, is based primarily on observation of the clinician.
From 1997 to 2001, medical visits for this disorder have increased by almost 20%. In 64% of cases, drug therapy (Ritalin®, Concerta® and Metadate®) has been proposed.
The symptoms of this disorder differ depending on whether it is hyperactivity attention disorder or impulsivity.
Hyperactivity: The child moves a lot (shake hands and feet, squirms in his chair, etc.) or shows signs of impatience, excitement, and loss of self control. A patient tends to scan a lot and has difficulty in focusing his attention on a detail and to obey the instructions (rises when asked to sit still, runs, climbs, etc. when it is neither the place nor the time), often speaks when it is not the time and talks too much.
Attention deficit: Difficulty in paying attention to details, to assimilate information or sustaining attention (rapid disinterest), need reminders (frequent repetition of instructions), does not seem to listen when spoken to (distracted, moody), does not comply with the instructions and does not lead to complete its projects, has difficulty organizing tasks and as well as operations; often loses his belongings and is forgetful; avoids or performs tasks reluctantly, especially those requiring sustained mental effort, easily distracted, reacts to stimuli (sounds, colors, etc.) and sensitive to rewards and incentives, often intuitive.
Impulsivity: Often blurts out the answer to a question, which is not yet fully asked, impatient, often has difficulty in awaiting his turn, often interrupts others when not required and is very aggressive.
The Causes of Attention Deficit Disorder and Hyperactivity
Genetic or neurobiological factors, possible malfunction of the thyroid gland, environmental stresses, sensitivity to food additives and allergies, deficiencies and imbalances in nutrients, poisoning by heavy metals and other pollutants, etc. can be the reasons behind this disorder Research on attention deficit and on overactive minds is followed by a large numbers of scientists.
Neurobiologists are increasingly coming to the consensus that cortical areas associated with motor functions and attention are affected in ADHD, hypo function of dopamine circuits are often observed.
The child who suffers from attention deficit needs attention, physical contact, fondling, and to be soothed and reassured
This method is organic and tactile. This removes the effect of gradual separation. A hyperactive kid needs to move. You need to keep them busy with crafts and physical activities, like a sport, which are not intellectual. This requires energy, time and patience .In herbal medicine, we often recommend catnip (nepeta cataria), which calms and soothes while promoting concentration.